python programming fundamentals

Python Programming Fundamentals

Python Programming Fundamentals

Table of contents:

  • Introduction
  • What is Python programming?
  • What are Python programming fundamentals?
  • Conclusion
  • FAQs


We talk about a huge number of websites every day. Unknowingly, we even visit a lot of these websites every day. But, have you ever stopped and wondered where these websites come from? Or who is creating all these millions and millions of websites? I guess all of us can say in unison, NO!

However, we keep using these websites without giving it a major thought. But, that’s the nature of our species. We don’t care what or who is creating something for our convenience, right? However, we just use these websites for our momentary gains and that’s it. But building websites like these takes a lot of hard work and time, sometimes even months. Moreover, the people who develop these websites are known as Web Developers and they are highly skilled and intelligent people. Therefore, they create websites and mobile apps for our convenience and hardly get any credit for it. Further, Today we are going acknowledge them in this article by talking about what Python programming is and what are Python programming fundamentals. So, let us start with the topic without wasting any more time. 

What is Python programming?

Moreover, the profession of programming or web development is gaining traction all over the world. in India, there are hundreds of schools that are teaching programming to young students. It is the technology of the present as well as the future, as long as computers and the internet are in use, websites and apps will continue to be created by individuals. As far as Python programming goes, it is the art of writing and creating websites and webpages using the incredibly versatile Python programming language. 

Python language is found to be highly useful in many fields of work including data analytics, web development, scientific computing, machine learning and artificial intelligence. These are just a few examples though, the use of Python as a language is even more extensive. Let us find out about Python programming fundamentals. 

What are Python Programming Fundamentals?

Python is a highly complex language to learn and write code with and therefore, Python programmers are high in demand in the market. The basic Python programming fundamentals are given below.

1. Variables and Data Types:

Data values are stored in multiple variables in the Python language. There are a large number of data types that are supported by Python. These include lists, dictionaries, libraries, tuples etc.

2. Basic Operations:

Python is intelligent enough that it allows mathematical calculations such as addition, subtraction and multiplication.

3. Control Structures:

·        Conditional Statements: These structures are used for making decisions that are based on certain conditions, for example, ‘if’, ‘elif’ and ‘else’.

·        Loops: A code might have to be repeated many times therefore, ‘while’ and ‘for’ functions act as loops for repeating the codes.

4. Functions:

Many code blocks have to be reused time and again while developing a website. These codes are known as functions. These ‘Functions’ are used to perform various tasks that help the developer in creating modules from data. 

5. Lists, Tuples, and Dictionaries:

There is a humungous amount of data that needs to be stored during web development. Python provides an easy way to store this data in a decent and precise manner. Python provides ‘Lists’ which can store data in an order and that data is also mutable or changeable. ‘Tuples’ is a form of list only, except the data stored in Tuples is immutable meaning it cannot be changed. And lastly, ‘Dictionaries’ are a collection of data in an unordered, haphazard form in which the data is kept in key-value pair form.  

6. Input and Output:

Input and Output functions are extremely simple to use. Just use input () and output () functions to take user input as well as display output respectively.

7. Exception Handling:

In-built operations like else, expect and try can be used to handle expectations elegantly.

8. Modules and Libraries:

The in-built libraries that are present in the Python language are highly extensive. Also, Python supports the import of external libraries which gives the developer an additional edge over his/her peers.

9. File Handling:

You can create both read-from and write-to-type files using Python. You just need to learn the concepts and formulas and you’re good to go. 

10. Object-Oriented Programming (OOP):

The OOP model is a famous programming model that encapsulates real-world entities and their relationships in a software form. The Python programming language supports all the OOP concepts such as polymorphism, inheritance etc.

11. Indentation:

Proper indentation is a huge deal in the world of programming. Python uses several indentations for defining code blocks or clusters. This becomes highly important for the proper execution of codes. 

12. List Comprehensions:

This is a simple way of keeping your codes in a listed format.

13. Lambda Functions:

Moreover, These functions are anonymous and can be used in several other operations.

14. Modules and Packages:

You must make sure to learn how to categorize your written code into different modules and package forms so that the management of codes becomes easier. 


In conclusion, Python is a programming language that is highly versatile and can be used by many programmers across the board. It can be used in multiple fields as discussed above. Overall, Python is a must-learn language if you want to become an elite programmer. If you need any assistance or want to learn Python completely, we at CBitss have the best Python Programming Course in Chandigarh


Q. Is this course available online?

Yes, of course all our courses are available online.

Q. Will I be able to join the course without a degree in engineering?

Certainly, these are certification courses and do not require a college degree.

Q. Is this course good enough for my career?

Further, If you aspire to become a programmer, this course can do wonders for your career.

Q. What else can I do after doing this course?

Although, there is a plethora of job opportunities after you have our certification.

Q. Is there an evening batch available?

Yes, of course we have multiple batch options that you can choose from.

Nothing is more Expensive
than a missed Opportunity